And Yahweh said unto Moses, 1.) Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, 2.) whom you know to be the elders of the people, 3.) and officers over them; 4.) and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with you.
Gather-622 'acaph (aw-saf'); a primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence, to receive, take away, i.e. remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.):
KJV-- assemble, bring, consume, destroy, felch, gather (in, together, up again), X generally, get (him), lose, put all together, receive, recover [another from leprosy], (be) rereward, X surely, take (away, into, up), X utterly, withdraw. Strong’s Definition
Senate-gpverning or lawmaking council or assembly [Latin sinatus the council of elders of ancient Rome, from senex old, old man]
Elders- 2205 zaqen (zaw-kane'); from 2204; old: KJV-- aged, ancient (man), elder (-est), old (man, men and ... women), senator. Strong’s Definition
Officer- 7860 shoter (sho-tare'); active participle of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write; properly, a scribe, i.e. (by analogy or implication) an official superintendent or magistrate: KJV-- officer, overseer, ruler.
an official, an officer
And I will come down and talk with you there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon you, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with you, that you bear it not thyself alone.
And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes, And be ready against the third day: for the third day Yahweh will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai. And you shall set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that you go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever touch the mount shall be surely put to death:
Set bounds- 1379 gabal (gaw-bal'); a primitive root; properly, to twist as a rope; only (as a denominative from 1366) to bound (as by a line): KJV-- be border, set (bounds about). Strong’s Definition
1366 gebuwl (gheb-ool'); or (shortened) gebul (gheb-ool'); from 1379; properly, a cord (as twisted), i.e. (by implication) a boundary; by extens. the territory inclosed: KJV-- border, bound, coast, X great, landmark, limit, quarter, space. Strong’s Definition
1366 gebuwl or (shortened) gebul-
a border, territory
a) a border
b) territory (enclosed within boundary)
c) a region, territory (of darkness) (figurative)
people- 5971 `am (am); from 6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock: KJV-- folk, men, nation, people.
1) a nation, a people
a) a people, a nation
b) persons, members of one's people, compatriots, country-men
2) a kinsman, kindred
round about- 5439 cabiyb (saw-beeb'); or (feminine) cebiybah (seb-ee-baw'); from 5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbour, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around: KJV-- (place, round) about, circuit, compass, on every side. Strong’s Definition
5439 cabiyb or (feminine) cebiybah-
as a substantive:
1) places round about, circuit, round about
as an adverb:
2) in a circuit, a circuit, round about
as a preposition:
3) in the circuit, from every side
5437 cabab (saw-bab'); a primitive root; to revolve, surround, or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively (as follows): KJV-- bring, cast, fetch, lead, make, walk, X whirl, X round about, be about on every side, apply, avoid, beset (about), besiege, bring again, carry (about), change, cause to come about, X circuit, (fetch a) compass (about, round), drive, environ, X on every side, beset (close, come, compass, go, stand) round about, inclose, remove, return, set, sit down, turn (self) (about, aside, away, back).
There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount. And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes. And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives. And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with Yahweh; and they stood at the nether part of the mount.
And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because Yahweh descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and Yahweh answered him by a voice. And Yahweh came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and Yahweh called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto Yahweh to gaze, and many of them perish. And let the priests also, which come near to Yahweh, sanctify themselves, lest Yahweh break forth upon them.
And Yahweh said unto him, Away, get you down, and you shall come up, you, and Aaron with you: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto Yahweh, lest he break forth upon them .Exod 19:24
So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them. Exod 19:25
And he said unto Moses, Come up unto Yahweh, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship you afar off .Exod 24:
Afar off- 7350 rachowq (raw-khoke'); or rachoq (raw-khoke'); from 7368; remote, literally or figuratively, of place or time; specifically, precious; often used adverbially (with preposition): KJV-- (a-) far (abroad, off), long ago, of old, space, great while to come.
7350 rachowq or rachoq-
as an adjective:
1) remote, far, distant, distant lands, distant ones; used of distance, time
as a masculine noun:
2) distance; from a distance (with a preposition)
7368 rachaq (raw-khak'); a primitive root; to widen (in any direction), i.e. (intransitively) recede or (transitively) remove (literally or figuratively, of place or relation): KJV-- (a-, be, cast, drive, get, go, keep [self], put, remove, be too, [wander], withdraw) far (away, off), loose, X refrain, very, (be) a good way (off).
as a verb:
1) to be (or to become) far, to be (or to become) distant, to be removed, to go far away
a) (Qal) to be far, to be distant
b) (Piel) to send far away, to extend
1) to make or exhibit distance, to be gone far
2) to remove, to put far away
2) (Niphal) to loose
as a verb, infinitive: (as adverb)
3) at a distance
And Moses alone shall come near Yahweh: but they shall not come near; neither shall the people go up with him. And Moses came and told the people all the words of Yahweh, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which Yahweh have said will we do. And Moses wrote all the words of Yahweh, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Builded- 1129 banah (baw-naw'); a primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively):
KJV-- (begin to) build (-er), obtain children, make, repair, set (up), X surely.
to build, to rebuild, to establish, to cause to continue
1) to build, to rebuild
2) to build a house (that is, to establish a family)
1) to be built
2) to be rebuilt
3) established (used of restored exiles) (figurative)
4) established (made permanent)
5) to be built up (used of a childless wife becoming the mother of a family through the children of a concubine)
altar- 4196 mizbeach (miz-bay'-akh); from 2076; an altar: KJV-- altar.
2076 zabach (zaw-bakh'); a primitive root; to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice):
KJV-- kill, offer, (do) sacrifice, slay.
to slaughter, to kill, to sacrifice, to slaughter for sacrifice
1) to slaughter for sacrifice
2) to slaughter for eating
3) to slaughter in divine judgment
b) (Piel) to sacrifice, to offer sacrifice
pillar- 4676 matstsebah (mats-tsay-baw'); feminine (causatively) participle of 5324; something stationed, i.e. a column or (memorial stone); by analogy, an idol:
KJV-- garrison, (standing) image, pillar.
a pillar, mastaba, a stump
a) a pillar
1) as monument, a personal memorial
2) with an altar
b) (Hoph) a stock, a stump (used of a tree)
5324 natsab (naw-tsab'); a prim root; to station, in various applications (literally or figuratively): KJV-- appointed, deputy, erect, establish, X Huzzah [by mistake for a proper name], lay, officer, pillar, present, rear up, set (over, up), settle, sharpen, establish, (make to) stand (-ing, still, up, upright), best state.
***. netsib. See 5333.
to stand, to take one's stand, to stand upright, to be set (over), to establish
1) to station oneself, to take one's stand
2) to stand, to be stationed
3) to stand, to take an upright position
4) to be stationed, to be appointed
5) deputy, prefect, appointed, deputed (substantive)
6) to stand firm
1) to station, to set
2) to set up, to erect
3) to cause to stand erect
4) to fix, to establish
c) (Hophal) to be fixed, to be determined, to be stationary
And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto Yahweh. And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of Yahweh. And he said unto the elders, Tarry you here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.
Matter- 1697 dabar (daw-baw'); from 1696; a word; by implication, a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially, a cause:
KJV-- act, advice, affair, answer, X any such (thing), because of, book, business, care, case, cause, certain rate, + chronicles, commandment, X commune (-ication), + concern [-ing], + confer, counsel, + dearth, decree, deed, X disease, due, duty, effect, + eloquent, errand, [evil favouredness-], + glory, + harm, hurt, + iniquity, + judgment, language, + lying, manner, matter, message, [no] thing, oracle, X ought, X parts, + pertaining, + please, portion, + power, promise, provision, purpose, question, rate, reason, report, request, X (as hast) said, sake, saying, sentence, + sign, + so, some [uncleanness], somewhat to say, + song, speech, X spoken, talk, task, + that, X there done, thing (concerning), thought, + thus, tidings, what [-soever], + wherewith, which, word, work.
speech, a word, speaking, a thing
b) a saying, an utterance
c) a word, words
d) business, occupation, acts, matter, case, something, manner (by extension)
And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount.
And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle, and had anointed it, and sanctified it, and all the instruments thereof, both the altar and all the vessels thereof, and had anointed them, and sanctified them; That the princes of Israel, heads of the House of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes, and were over them that were numbered, offered: And they brought their offering before Yahweh, six covered wagons, and twelve oxen; a wagon for two of the princes, and for each one an ox: and they brought them before the tabernacle. And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; and you shall give them unto the Levites, to every man according to his service. And Moses took the wagons and the oxen, and gave them unto the Levites.
In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.
Pitched- 2583 chanah (khaw-naw'); a primitive root [compare 2603]; properly, to incline; by implication, to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically, to pitch a tent; gen. to encamp (for abode or siege): KJV-- abide (in tents), camp, dwell, encamp, grow to an end, lie, pitch (tent), rest in tent.
Wilderness- 4057 midbar (mid-bawr'); from 1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (i.e. open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication, a desert; also speech (including its organs): KJV-- desert, south, speech, wilderness.
Macmillan Dictionary, pg. 57- Assemble-1. To gather or bring (a group) together: collect.
Macmillan Dictionary, pg. 906-
Senator-member of a senate