Tribunal Court Division

 

PART 2.

Num 1:52 

  The children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts.

 

Own camp- 4264  machaneh (makh-an-eh'); from 2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence, an army, whether literal (of soldiers) or figurative (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts):

KJV-- army, band, battle, camp, company, drove, host, tents.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4264  machaneh-

an encampment, a camp 

a) a camp, a place of encampment

b) a camp of armed host, an army camp

c) those who encamp, a company, a body of people

Num 2:1-34

And Yahweh spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch. Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch.

 

Far off- 5048  neged (neh'-ghed); from 5046; a front, i.e. part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbial, especially with preposition) over against or before: KJV-- about, (over) against, X aloof, X far (off), X from, over, presence, X other side, sight, X to view.     Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5048  neged-

aas a substantive:

1) what is conspicuous, what is in front of

as an adverb:

2) in front of, straight forward, before, in sight of

3) in front of oneself, straightforward

4) before your face, in your view or purpose 

with a preposition:

5) what is in front of, corresponding to

6) in front of, before

7) in the sight or presence of

8) parallel to

9) over, for

10) in front, opposite

11) at a distance 

as a preposition:

12) from the front of, away from

13) from before the eyes of, opposite to, at a distance from

14) from before, in front of

15) as far as the front of

 

5046 nagad (naw-gad'); a primitive root; properly, to front, i.e. stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively, to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically, to expose, predict, explain, praise:

KJV-- bewray, X certainly, certify, declare (-ing), denounce, expound, X fully, messenger, plainly, profess, rehearse, report, shew (forth), speak, X surely, tell, utter. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5046  nagad-

to be conspicuous, to tell, to make known

a) (Hiphil) to tell, to declare 

1) to tell, to announce, to report 

2) to declare, to make known, to expound

3) to inform of

4) to publish, to declare, to proclaim 

5) to avow, to acknowledge, to confess 

messenger (participle)

b) (Hophal) to be told, to be announced, to be reported

 

And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: and Nahshon the son of Amminadab shall be captain of the children of Judah. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred. And those that do pitch next unto him shall be the tribe of Issachar: and Nethaneel the son of Zuar shall be captain of the children of Issachar. And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred. Then the tribe of Zebulun: and Eliab the son of Helon shall be captain of the children of Zebulun. And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred. All that were numbered in the camp of Judah were an hundred thousand and fourscore thousand and six thousand and four hundred, throughout their armies. These shall first set forth.

On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben according to their armies: and the captain of the children of Reuben shall be Elizur the son of Shedeur. And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were forty and six thousand and five hundred. And those which pitch by him shall be the tribe of Simeon: and the captain of the children of Simeon shall be Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred. Then the tribe of Gad: and the captain of the sons of Gad shall be Eliasaph the son of Reuel. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty and five thousand and six hundred and fifty. All that were numbered in the camp of Reuben were an hundred thousand and fifty and one thousand and four hundred and fifty, throughout their armies. And they shall set forth in the second rank. Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of the Levites in the midst of the camp: as they encamp, so shall they set forward, every man in his place by their standards.

On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies: and the captain of the sons of Ephraim shall be Elishama the son of Ammihud. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty thousand and five hundred. And by him shall be the tribe of Manasseh: and the captain of the children of Manasseh shall be Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred. Then the tribe of Benjamin: and the captain of the sons of Benjamin shall be Abidan the son of Gideoni. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.   All that were numbered of the camp of Ephraim were an hundred thousand and eight thousand and an hundred, throughout their armies. And they shall go forward in the third rank.The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies: and the captain of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred. And those that encamp by him shall be the tribe of Asher: and the captain of the children of Asher shall be Pagiel the son of Ocran. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.         Then the tribe of Naphtali: and the captain of the children of Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of Enan. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred. All they that were numbered in the camp of Dan were an hundred thousand and fifty and seven thousand and six hundred. They shall go hindmost with their standards. These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the House of their fathers: all those that were numbered of the camps throughout their hosts were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty. But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel; as Yahweh commanded MosesAnd the children of Israel did according to all that Yahweh commanded Moses: so they pitched by their standards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to the House of their fathers.

And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought Yahweh went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp. Exod 33:7

 

Afar off- 7368  rachaq (raw-khak'); a primitive root; to widen (in any direction), i.e. (intransitively) recede or (transitively) remove (literally or figuratively, of place or relation): KJV-- (a-, be, cast, drive, get, go, keep [self], put, remove, be too, [wander], withdraw) far (away, off), loose, X refrain, very, (be) a good way (off). Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

7368  rachaq-

as a verb:

1) to be (or to become) far, to be (or to become) distant, to be removed, to go far away

a) (Qal) to be far, to be distant

b) (Piel) to send far away, to extend

c) (Hiphil)

1) to make or exhibit distance, to be gone far

2) to remove, to put far away

2) (Niphal) to loose

as a verb, infinitive: (as adverb)

3) at a distance

Section 1—201 The Jurisdiction of Priests and Levites 

           

This shall you separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be mine. Num 8:14

 

Separate- 914  badal (baw-dal'); a primitive root; to divide (in variation senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.): KJV-- (make, put) difference, divide (asunder), (make) separate (self, -ation), sever (out), X utterly.   Strong’s Definition

 

Num 8:16-18

For they are wholly given unto me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto me.

 

Wholly given- 5414  nathan (naw-than'); a primitive root; to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.): KJV-- add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit, consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute, do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up), + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, + willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield.  Strong’s Definition

 

Open- 6363  peter (peh'-ter); or pitrah (pit-raw'); from 6362; a fissure, i.e. (concretely) firstling (as opening the matrix): KJV-- firstling, openeth, such as open.  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6363  peter or pitrah-

the firstborn, the firstling, what separates or first opens

 

6362  patar (paw-tar'); a primitive root; to cleave or burst through, i.e. (causatively) to emit, whether literal or figurative (gape): KJV-- dismiss, free, let (shoot) out, slip away. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6362  patar-

to separate, to set free, to remove, to open, to escape, to burst through (Qal)

1) to remove (oneself), to escape

2) to set free, to let out

 

firstborn- 1060  bekowr (bek-ore'); from 1069; firstborn; hence, chief: KJV-- eldest (son), firstborn (-ling).   Strong’s Definition

 

1069  bakar (baw-kar'); a primitive root; properly, to burst the womb, i.e. (causatively) bear or make early fruit (of woman or tree); also (as denominative from 1061) to give the birthright: KJV-- make firstborn, be firstling, bring forth first child (new fruit).

 

Taken-  3947  laqach (law-kakh'); a primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications): KJV-- accept, bring, buy, carry away, drawn, fetch, get, infold, X many, mingle, place, receive (-ing), reserve, seize, send for, take (away, -ing, up), use, win.   Strong’s

 

For all the firstborn of the children of Israel are mine, both man and beast: on the day that I smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them for myself. And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel.

 

And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come near unto the sanctuary. Num 8:19

 

Given-  5414  nathan (naw-than'); a primitive root; to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.): KJV-- add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit, consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute, do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up), + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, + willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield.  Strong’s Definition

 

Do- 5647  `abad (aw-bad'); a primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication, to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.: KJV-- X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man, bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ingself,), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper,

 

Service- 5656  `abodah (ab-o-daw'); or `abowdah (ab-o-daw'); from 5647; work of any kind: KJV-- act, bondage, + bondservant, effect, labour, ministering (-try), office, service (-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, X wrought.   Strong’s Definition

 

Atonement-  3722  kaphar (kaw-far'); a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: KJV-- appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation). Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

3722  kaphar-

to cover, to purge, to make an atonement, to make reconciliation, to cover over with pitch

a) (Qal) to coat (to cover) with pitch

b) (Piel)

1) to cover over, to pacify, to propitiate 

2) to cover over, to atone for sin, to make atonement for

3) to cover over, to atone for sin and persons by legal rites

c) (Pual)

1) to be covered over

2) to make atonement for

d) (Hithpael) to be covered

 

 Num 1:50,51,53

But you shall appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle. And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it   down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that come near shall be put to death.

 

Pitched-  2583  chanah (khaw-naw'); a primitive root [compare 2603]; properly, to incline; by implication, to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically, to pitch a tent; gen. to encamp (for abode or siege): KJV-- abide (in tents), camp, dwell, encamp, grow to an end, lie, pitch (tent), rest in tent.   Strong’s Definition

 

But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.

 

Num 3:5-10

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, Bring the tribe of Levi near, and present them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister unto him. And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle. And they shall keep all the instruments of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle. And you shall give the Levites unto Aaron and to his sons: they are wholly given unto him out of the children of Israel. And you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that come near shall be put to death.

 

Num 35:2-8

Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and you shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them. And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts. And the suburbs of the cities, which you shall give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits round about. And you shall measure from without the city on the east side two thousand cubits, and on the south side two thousand cubits, and on the west side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits; and the city shall be in the midst: this shall be to them the suburbs of the cities. And among the cities which you shall give unto the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which you shall appoint for the manslayer, that he may flee there: and to them you shall add forty and two cities. So all the cities which you shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities: them shall you give with their suburbs. And the cities which you shall give shall be of the possession of the children of Israel: from them that have many you shall give many; but from them that have few you shall give few: every one shall give of his cities unto the Levites according to his inheritance which he inheriteth.

 

Deut 21:1-2

If one be found slain in the land which Yahweh your Father give you to possess it, lying in the field, and it be not known who have slain him: Then your elders and your judges shall come forth, and they shall measure unto the cities which are round about him that is slain:

Section 1---201A  The Attorney

           

This shall you separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be mine. Num 8:14

 

          Strong’s Definition

Separate-  914  badal (baw-dal'); a primitive root; to divide (in variation senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.): KJV-- (make, put) difference, divide (asunder), (make) separate (self, -ation), sever (out), X utterly.

 

Strong’s Definition

Mine- 8705  le- (le); a prefixed (inseparable) preposition; sometimes it appears with the definite article (la-, le-). It means: (1) to, toward; (2) at, in; (3) till, until; (4) in order to, for the purpose of; (5) for, belonging to, with respect to, in regard to, according to. It is frequently found combined with lahen (therefore), laken (so, thus, therefore), lamah (why?). When it is joined with substantives and or adjectives, it sometimes can be translated as an adverb, e. g. lesheqer (falsely), letsedeq (fairly). Sometimes it is equivalent to the direct object marker (see 853). It can be combined with a wide variety of pronominal suffixes.

***. This word was not included in the original Strong's Dictionary but is found in other Hebrew lexicons. Alphabetically it belongs between Strong's number 3807 and 3808.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

8705  le-

(le); a prefixed (inseparable) preposition; sometimes it appears

with the definite article (la-, le-). It means:

1) to, toward;

2) at, in;

3) till, until;

4) in order to, for the purpose of;

5) for, belonging to, with respect to, in regard to, according to.

It is frequently found combined with lahen (therefore), laken (so, thus, therefore), lamah (why?). When it is joined with substantives and or adjectives, it sometimes can be translated as an adverb, e. g. lesheqer (falsely), letsedeq (fairly). Sometimes it is equivalent to the direct object marker (see 853). It can be combined with a wide variety of pronominal suffixes..

This word was not included in the original Strong's Dictionary but is found in other Hebrew lexicons. Alphabetically it belongs between Strong's number 3807 and 3808.

 

For they are wholly given unto me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto me. Num 8:16

 

Strong’s Definition

Given-  5414  nathan (naw-than'); a primitive root; to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.): KJV-- add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit, consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute, do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up), + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, + willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs

5414  nathan-

to give, to put, to set

a) (Qal)

1) to give, to bestow, to grant, to permit, to ascribe, to employ, to devote, to consecrate, to dedicate, to pay wages, to sell, to exchange, to lend, to commit, to entrust, to give over, to deliver up, to yield produce, to occasion, to produce, to requite to, to report, to mention, to utter, to stretch out, to extend

2) to put, to set, to put on, to put upon, to set, to appoint, to assign, to designate 

3) to make, to constitute

b) (Niphal)

1) to be given, to be bestowed, to be provided, to be entrusted to, to be granted to, to be permitted, to be issued, to be published, to be uttered, to be assigned

2) to be set, to be put, to be made, to be inflicted

c) (Hophal)

1) to be given, to be bestowed, to be given up, to be delivered up

2) to be put upon

 

Strong’s Definition

instead of- 8478  tachath (takh'-ath); from the same as 8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.: KJV-- as, beneath, X flat, in (-stead), (same) place (where ... is), room, for ... sake, stead of, under, X unto, X when ... was mine, whereas, [wherefore-], with.

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

8478  tachath-

the underpart, beneath, instead of, as, for, for the sake of, flat, unto, where, whereas as a masculine noun:

a) the underpart

as an adverb, accusative:

b) beneath

as a preposition:

c) under, beneath

1) at the foot of (idiomatic)

2) sweetness, subjection, woman, being burdened or oppressed (figurative)

3) used of subjection or conquest

d) what is under one, the place in which one stands

1) in one's place, the place in which one stands (an idiom with a reflexive pronoun)

2) in place of, instead of (in a transferred sense)

3) in place of, in exchange or return for (used of things mutually interchanged)

as a conjunction:

e) instead of, instead of that

f) in return for that, because that

used in compounds:

g) in, under, into the place of (after verbs of motion)

h) from under, from beneath, from under the hand of, from his place, under, beneath

Barron’s Law Dictionary pg.37- Attorney-may refer to an attorney in fact or attorney at law.  An ATTORNEY IN FACT is one who is an agent or representive of another given authority to act in that person’s place and name.  The document giving the attorney his authority is called a power of attorney.

The general reference to an attorney is usually intended to designate an ATTORNEY AT LAW.  This is one of a class of persons admitted by the state’s highest court of by a federal court to practice law in that jurisdiction.  The attorney is regarded as an officer of the court and is always subject to the admitting court’s jurisdiction as to his ethical and professional conduct.  Violations of those standards of conduct may result in discipline of the attorney in the form of censure, suspension, of disbarment.

 

Black’s Law Dictionary 7th Edition, pg. 124 –“Attorney”-1.  Strictly, one who is designated to transact business for another: a legal agent. Also termed attorney-in-fact:private attorney.  2.  A person who practices law: LAWYER.----Also termed (in sense 2) attorney-at-law, public attorney.  Cf. COUNSEL

Black’s Law Dictionary 7th Edition, pg. 127 –“Authority”-1. The right or permission to act legally on another’s behalf; the power delegated by a principal to an agent <authority to sign the contract>. See AGENCY

 

                “The term ‘authority,’ like the term ‘contract,’ may easily be used in three senses, and is therefore a term to be avoided when accurate reasoning is desirable.  It maybe used to mean (1) the operative acts of the principal, (2) a physical document executed by the principal, or (3) the legal relations consequent upon the preceding operative facts (1) and  (2),  and especially the legal power conferred upon the agent to bring the principal into new legal relations without any further action by the principal.  The operative facts may be spoken words, a document together with the acts necessary to execute it, or other conduct by the principal apparently expressing an intention to create a power.  Hereafter, the word ‘authority’ will be used to denote these operative facts, in other cases the word power will usually be substituted.  This latter word is not so likely to be taken in shifting senses, in spite of the fact that ‘power of attorney’ generally means a physical document under seal.” William R. Anson, Principals of the Law of Contract 508 n.1 (Arthur L. Corbin ed., 3d Am. Ed. 1919).

Taken- 3947  laqach (law-kakh'); a primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications):KJV-- accept, bring, buy, carry away, drawn, fetch, get, infold, X many, mingle, place, receive (-ing), reserve, seize, send for, take (away, -ing, up), use, win. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

3947  laqach-

to take, to get, to fetch, to lay hold of, to seize, to receive, to acquire, buy, to bring, to marry, to take a wife, to snatch, to take away

a) (Qal)

1) to take, to take in the hand

2) to take and to carry along

3) to take from, to take out of, to take, to carry away, to take away

4) to take to or for a person, to procure, to get, to take possession of, to select, to choose, to take in marriage, to receive, to accept 

5) to take up or upon, to put upon

6) to fetch 

7) to take, to lead, to conduct

8) to take, to capture, to seize 

9) to take, to carry off

10) to take (vengeance)

b) (Niphal)

1) to be captured 

2) to be taken away, to be removed

3) to be taken, to brought unto

c) (Pual)

1) to be taken from or out of

2) to be stolen from

3) to be taken captive 

4) to be taken away, to be removed

d) (Hophal)

1) to be taken unto, to be brought unto

2) to be taken out of

3) to be taken away

e) (Hithpael)

1) to take hold of oneself

2) to flash about (used of lightning)

 

Num 8:18-19

And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel. And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come near unto the sanctuary.

 

To do- 5647  `abad (aw-bad'); a primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication, to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.: KJV-- X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man, bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ingself,), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper,

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5647  `abad-

to work, to serve 

a) (Qal)

1) to labor, to work, to do work

2) to work for another, to serve another by labor 

3) to serve as subjects 

4) to serve (God)

5) to serve (with Levitical service)

b) (Niphal)

1) to be worked, to be tilled (of land)

2) to make oneself a servant

c) (Pual) to be worked

d) (Hiphil)

1) to compel to labor or work, to cause to labor, to cause to serve 

2) to cause to serve as subjects  *********

e) (Hophal) to be led or enticed to serve

 

Service- 5656  `abodah (ab-o-daw'); or `abowdah (ab-o-daw'); from 5647; work of any kind: KJV-- act, bondage, + bondservant, effect, labour, ministering (-try), office, service (-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, X wrought. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5656  `abodah or `abowdah-

labor, service 

a) labor, work 

b) labor (of a servant or a slave)

c) labor, service (of captives or subjects)

d) service (of God)

 

congregation- 4150  mowed` (mo-ade'); or moed` (mo-ade'); or (feminine) mow` adah (2 Chronicles 8:13) (mo-aw-daw'); from 3259; properly, an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season; specifically, a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): KJV-- appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synogogue, (set) time (appointed).   Strong’s Definition

 

3259  ya` ad (yaw-ad'); a primitive root; to fix upon (by agreement or appointment); by implication, to meet (at a stated time), to summon (to trial), to direct (in a certain quarter or position), to engage (for marriage): -agree, maxke an) appoint (-ment, a time), assemble (selves), betroth, gather (selves, together), meet (together), set (a time).

***. Ye` dow See 3260. Strong’s Definition

 

Atonement- 3722  kaphar (kaw-far'); a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: KJV-- appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation)      Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs

3722  kaphar-

to cover, to purge, to make an atonement, to make reconciliation, to cover over with pitch

a) (Qal) to coat (to cover) with pitch

b) (Piel)

1) to cover over, to pacify, to propitiate 

2) to cover over, to atone for sin, to make atonement for

3) to cover over, to atone for sin and persons by legal rites

c) (Pual)

1) to be covered over

2) to make atonement for

d) (Hithpael) to be covered

 

Exod 30:12-16

When you takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto Yahweh, when you number them; that there be no plague among them, when you number them.

 

Ransom- 3724  kopher (ko'-fer); from 3722; properly, a cover, i.e. (literally) a village (as covered in); (specifically) bitumen (as used for coating), and the henna plant (as used for dyeing); figuratively, a redemption-price: KJV-- bribe, camphire, pitch, ransom, satisfaction, sum of money, village. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

3724  kopher-

1) the price of a life, a ransom, a bribe 

2) asphalt, pitch (as a covering)

3) the henna plant, the name of a plant (henna?)

4) a village

 

This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of Yahweh. Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto Yahweh. The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls. And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shall appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls.

 

Strong’s Definition

Memorial- 2146  zikrown (zik-rone'); from 2142; a memento (or memorable thing, day or writing): KJV-- memorial, record.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

2146  zikrown-

a memorial, a reminder, a remembrance

 

Strong’s Definition

2142  zakar (zaw-kar'); a primitive root; properly, to mark (so as to be recognized), i.e. to remember; by implication, to mention; also (as denominative from 2145) to be male: KJV-- X burn [incense], X earnestly, be male, (make) mention (of), be mindful, recount, record (-er), remember, make to be remembered, bring (call, come, keep, put) to (in) remembrance, X still, think on, X well.   Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

2142  zakar-

to remember, to recall, to call to mind 

a) (Qal) to remember, to recall 

b) (Niphal) to be brought to remembrance, to be remembered, to be thought of, to be brought to mind

c) (Hiphil)

1) to cause to remember, to remind

2) to cause to be remembered, to keep in remembrance 

3) to mention

4) to record 

5) to make a memorial, to make remembrance

 

Section 1 – 201[(A1)].  Privilege   

 

Macmillan Dictionary,pg. 797—Privilege- n. special right, advantage, benefit, or immunity granted to or enjoyed by a certain person, group or class. [Latin privilegium law for or against an individual, from privus one’s own, individual + lex law].

 

 

Positive Law 23 – The Priests and Levites shall do their appointed work in The House of Yahweh.

Numbers 18:23, 6-7 –       

But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.

 

Do-5647  `abad (aw-bad'); a primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication, to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.: KJV-- X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man, bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ingself,), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), transgress [from margin], (set a) work, be wrought, worshipper, Strong’s

 

Bear-  5375  nasa' (naw-saw'); or nacah (Psalm 4 6 [7]) (naw-saw'); a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative, absol. and rel. (as follows): KJV-- accept, advance, arise, (able to, [armor], suffer to) bear (-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honorable (+man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.  Strong’s

 

And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for Yahweh, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. Therefore you and your sons with you shall keep your priest's office for every thing of the altar, and within the vail; and you shall serve: I have given your priest's office unto you as a service of gift: and the stranger that come near shall be put to death.

 

 

Section 1 – 201[(A2)].  The Client        

 

Macmillan Dictionary pg.187 –client- 1.)  one who or that which engages the professional advice or services of another: 2. Customer 3. One who receives benefits or services from government bureau or social service agency. [Latin cliens retainer, dependent.]

 

And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shall appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls. Exod 30:16

 

Take- 3947  laqach (law-kakh'); a primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications): KJV-- accept, bring, buy, carry away, drawn, fetch, get, infold, X many, mingle, place, receive (-ing), reserve, seize, send for, take (away, -ing, up), use, win. Strong’s Definition

           

Appoint- 5414  nathan (naw-than'); a primitive root; to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.): KJV-- add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit, consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute, do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull put (forth),

recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up), + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, + willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield. Strong’s Definition

 

Service- 5656  `abodah (ab-o-daw'); or `abowdah (ab-o-daw'); from 5647; work of any kind: KJV-- act, bondage, + bondservant, effect, labour, ministering (-try), office, service (-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, X wrought.   Strong’s Definition

 

 

Section 1—201B  The Paralegal

 

Barron’s Law Dictionary pg. 359—Paralegal- a person other than a licensed attorney who is employed, usually by a law office, to perform a variety of tasks associated with a law practice, any of which may be performed properly and conveniently by one not trained or authorized to practice law.

Also we certify you, that touching any of the priests and Levites, singers, porters, Nethinims, or ministers of this House of Yahweh, it shall not be lawful to impose toll, tribute, or custom, upon them. Ezra 7:24

 

Strong’s Definition

Nethinims- 5412  Nethiyn (Aramaic) (netheen'); corresponding to 5411:    KJV-- Nethinims.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5412  Nethiyn (Aramaic)-

Nethinims; Temple slaves assigned to the Levites and priests for service in the sanctuary

NETHINIM 

[NEHTH uh neam]-- a group of people of non-Jewish background who served as Temple servants in Old Testament times. As assistants to the LEVITES, they performed such menial chores as cleaning the Temple, carrying water and wood to the altar, and scrubbing utensils used in the sacrificial ceremonies. Some of the Nethinim returned to Jerusalem with Ezra after the CAPTIVITY <Ezra 7:7>.

(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary)

(Copyright (C) 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

           

Neh 10:28-29

And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated themselves from the people of the lands unto the law of Yahweh, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and having understanding;

 

Strong’s Definition

Nethinims-5411  Nathiyn (naw-theen'); or Nathuwn (Ezra 8:17) (naw-thoon') (the proper form as passive participle), from 5414; one given, i.e. (in the plural only) the Nethinim, or Temple-servants (as given to that duty): KJV-- Nethinims.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5411  Nathiyn or Nathuwn (Ezra 8:17) (the proper form as passive participle)-

Nethinims; Temple slaves assigned to the Levites and priests for service in the sanctuary

 

Strong’s Definition

Separate- 914  badal (baw-dal'); a primitive root; to divide (in variation senses literally or figuratively, separate, distinguish, differ, select, etc.): KJV-- (make, put) difference, divide (asunder), (make) separate (self, -ation), sever (out), X utterly.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

914  badal-

to divide, to separate 

a) (Hiphil)

1) to divide, to separate, to sever 

2) to separate, to set apart

3) to make a distinction, to make a difference

4) to divide into parts

b) (Niphal)

1) to separate oneself from (the reflexive of a, see above)

2) to withdraw from

3) to separate oneself unto

4) to be separated

5) to be excluded

6) to be set apart

 

law- 8451  towrah (to-raw'); or torah (to-raw'); from 3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch: KJV-- law. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

8451  towrah or torah-

law, direction, instruction

a) instruction, direction (human or divine)

1) the body of prophetic teaching

2) instruction in the Messianic age

3) the body of priestly direction or instruction

4) the body of legal directives

b) law 

1) law of the burnt-offering 

2) used of special law, codes of law 

c) custom, manner 

d) the Deuteronomic or Mosaic Law

 

They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in Yahweh's law, which was given by Moses the servant of Yahweh, and to observe and do all the commandments of the Yahweh our Father, and his judgments and his statutes;

 

judgment- 4941  mishpat (mish-pawt'); from 8199; properly, a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or [participant's] divine law, individual or collective), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly, justice, including a participant's right or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style: KJV-- + adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, fashion, form, to be judged, judgment, just (-ice, -ly), (manner of) law (-ful), manner, measure, (due) order, ordinance, right, sentence, usest, X worthy, + wrong.   Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4941  mishpat-

judgment, justice, ordinance 

a) judgment 

1) act of deciding a case 

2) a place, a court, a seat of judgment 

3) a process, a procedure, a litigation (before judges)

4) a case, a cause (presented for judgment)

5) a sentence, a decision (of judgment)

6) an execution (of judgment)

7) time (of judgment)

b) justice, right, rectitude (attributes of God or man)

c) ordinance 

d) decision (in law)

e) right, privilege, due (legal)

f) proper, fitting, measure, fitness, custom, manner, plan

 

8199  shaphat (shaw-fat'); a primitive root; to judge, i.e. pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication, to vindicate or punish; by extenssion, to govern; passively, to litigate (literally or figuratively): KJV-- + avenge, X that condemn, contend, defend, execute (judgment), (be a) judge (-ment), X needs, plead, reason, rule. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

8199  shaphat-

to judge, to govern, to vindicate, to punish

a) (Qal)

1) to act as law-giver or judge or governor (used of God or man), to rule, to govern, to judge

2) to decide controversy (used of God or man)

3) to execute judgment 

a) discriminating (used of man)

b) vindicating

c) condemning and punishing

d) at the theophanic advent for final judgment 

b) (Niphal)

1) to enter into controversy, to plead, to have controversy together

2) to be judged

c) (Poel) a judge, a opponent-at-law (participle)

 

Also of the Nethinims, whom David and the princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinims: all of them were expressed by name. Ezra 8:20

 

Section 1---201C  Deputy

 

 

Macmillan Dictionary, pg. 273 –Deputy-n.  1. Person appointed or authorized to represent or act for another or others.  2. Assistant with power to take charge in his superior absence:

[French depute delegate, from deputer to depute.  See DEPUTE

 

Depute- 1. To appoint as one’s substitute, delegate, or agent.  2. To transfer, as work or authority, to another. [Old French deputer to assign, from Late Latin deputare to allot, from Latin deputare to consider.]

 

But you shall appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle. Num 1:50

 

Appoint- 6485  paqad (paw-kad'); a primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.: KJV-- appoint, X at all, avenge, bestow, (appoint to have the, give a) charge, commit, count, deliver to keep, be empty, enjoin, go see, hurt, do judgment, lack, lay up, look, make, X by any means, miss, number, officer, (make) overseer, have (the) oversight, punish, reckon, (call to) remember (-brance), set (over), sum, X surely, visit, want.   Strong’s Definition

***. piqqud. See 6490.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6485  paqad-

as a verb:

1) to attend to, to muster, to number, to reckon, to visit, to punish, to appoint, to look after, to care for

a) (Qal)

1) to pay attention to, to observe 

2) to attend to 

3) to seek, to look about for

4) to seek in vain, to need, to miss, to lack 

5) to visit 

6) to visit upon, to punish

7) to pass in review, to muster, to number 

8) to appoint, to assign, to lay upon as a charge, to deposit 

b) (Niphal)

1) to be sought, to be needed, to be missed, to be lacking 

2) to be visited

3) to be visited upon

4) to be appointed

5) to be watched over

c) (Piel) to muster, to call up

d) (Pual) to be passed in review, to be caused to miss, to be called, be called to account 

e) (Hiphil)

1) to set over, to make overseer, to appoint an overseer

2) to commit, to entrust, to commit for care, to deposit 

f) (Hophal)

1) to be visited

2) to be deposited

3) to be made overseer, to be entrusted 

g) (Hithpael) numbered 

h) (Hothpael) numbered 

as a masculine, plural noun (abstract)

2) musterings, expenses

 

And you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that come near shall be put to death. Num 3:10

 

Appoint- 6485  paqad (paw-kad'); a primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.: KJV-- appoint, X at all, avenge, bestow, (appoint to have the, give a) charge, commit, count, deliver to keep, be empty, enjoin, go see, hurt, do judgment, lack, lay up, look, make, X by any means, miss, number, officer, (make) overseer, have (the) oversight, punish, reckon, (call to) remember (-brance), set (over), sum, X surely, visit, want.   Strong’s Definition

***. piqqud. See 6490.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6485  paqad-

as a verb:

1) to attend to, to muster, to number, to reckon, to visit, to punish, to appoint, to look after, to care for

a) (Qal)

1) to pay attention to, to observe 

2) to attend to 

3) to seek, to look about for

4) to seek in vain, to need, to miss, to lack 

5) to visit 

6) to visit upon, to punish

7) to pass in review, to muster, to number 

8) to appoint, to assign, to lay upon as a charge, to deposit 

b) (Niphal)

1) to be sought, to be needed, to be missed, to be lacking 

2) to be visited

3) to be visited upon

4) to be appointed

5) to be watched over

c) (Piel) to muster, to call up

d) (Pual) to be passed in review, to be caused to miss, to be called, be called to account 

e) (Hiphil)

1) to set over, to make overseer, to appoint an overseer

2) to commit, to entrust, to commit for care, to deposit 

f) (Hophal)

1) to be visited

2) to be deposited

3) to be made overseer, to be entrusted 

g) (Hithpael) numbered 

h) (Hothpael) numbered 

as a masculine, plural noun (abstract)

2) musterings, expenses

 

But This do unto them, that they may live, and not die, when they approach unto the most holy things: Aaron and his sons shall go in, and appoint them every one to his service and to his burden: Num 4:19 

 

Appoint- 7760  suwm (soom); or siym (seem); a primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literal, figurative, inferentially, and elliptically): KJV-- X any wise, appoint, bring, call [a name], care, cast in, change, charge, commit, consider, convey, determine, + disguise, dispose, do, get, give, heap up, hold, impute, lay (down, up), leave, look, make (out), mark, + name, X on, ordain, order, + paint, place, preserve, purpose, put (on), + regard, rehearse, reward, (cause to) set (on, up), shew, + stedfastly, take, X tell, + tread down, ([over-]) turn, X wholly, work. Strong’s Definition

 

At the appointment of Aaron and his sons shall be all the service of the sons of the Gershonites, in all their burdens, and in all their service: and you shall appoint unto them in charge all their burdens. Num 4:27

 

Appoint- 6485  paqad (paw-kad'); a primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.: KJV-- appoint, X at all, avenge, bestow, (appoint to have the, give a) charge, commit, count, deliver to keep, be empty, enjoin, go see, hurt, do judgment, lack, lay up, look, make, X by any means, miss, number, officer, (make) overseer, have (the) oversight, punish, reckon, (call to) remember (-brance), set (over), sum, X surely, visit, want.   Strong’s Definition

***. piqqud. See 6490.

 

And among the cities which you shall give unto the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which you shall appoint for the manslayer, that he may flee there: and to them you shall add forty and two cities. Num 35:6

 

Appoint- 5414  nathan (naw-than'); a primitive root; to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.): KJV-- add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit, consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute, do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up), + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, + willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield. Strong’s Definition

 

Section 2—202 Jurisdiction of Officers

 

Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the Yahweh your Father give you, throughout your tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment. Deut 16:18

 

Officers-  7860  shoter (sho-tare'); active participle of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write; properly, a scribe, i.e. (by analogy or implication) an official superintendent or magistrate: KJV-- officer, overseer, ruler. Strong’s Definition

 

Macmillan Dictionary, pp.613  magistrate- 1. Government officer empowered to administer and enforce the law.  2. Judical official having limited jurisdiction, empowered to try minor civil and criminal cases and issue marriage licenses and traffic summonses, as a justice of the peace.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

7860  shoter-

(Qal)

an official, an officer

 

gates- 8179  sha` ar (shah'-ar); from 8176 in its original sense; an opening, i.e. door or gate: KJV-- city, door, gate, port (X -er).  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

8179  sha` ar-

a gate 

a) a gate (used of entrance)

b) a gate (used of the space inside agate, that is, the marketplace, a public meetingplace); a city, a town 

c) a gate (used of a palace, a royal castle, a temple, the court of a tabernacle)

d) Heaven, Sheol (figurative)

 

Deut 20:5-12

And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that have built a new house, and have not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he  another man dedicate it. And what man is he that have planted a vineyard, and have not yet eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it. And what man is there that have betrothed a wife, and have not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her. And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart faint as well as his heart. And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people. When you come near unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it. And it shall be, if it make you answer of peace, and open unto you, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto you, and they shall serve you. And if it will make no peace with you, but will make war against you, then you shall besiege it:

 

 

 

Section 3—203 Jurisdiction of Judges

 

Positive Law 183- -The Priest and Levites must be given cities to live in.

Numbers 35:2-3 

Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and you shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them. And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts.

 

Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and you shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them. Num 35:2

 

Cities-   5892  `iyr (eer); or (in the plural) `ar (awr); or `ayar (Judges 10:4) (aw-yar'); from 5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post): KJV-- Ai [from margin], city, court [from margin], town.    Strong’s

 

Dwell-  3427  yashab (yaw-shab'); a primitive root; properly, to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry: KJV-- (make to) abide (-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-ing), easeself, endure, establish, X fail, habitation, haunt, (make to) inhabit (-ant), make to keep [house], lurking, X marry (-ing), (bring again to) place, remain, return, seat, set (-tle), (down-) sit (-down, still, -ting down, -ting [place] -uate), take, tarry. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

3427  yashab-

to dwell, to remain, to sit, to abide

a) (Qal)

1) to sit, to sit down

2) to be set

3) to remain, to stay

4) to dwell, to have one's abode

b) (Niphal) to be inhabited

c) (Piel) to set, to place

d) (Hiphil)

1) to cause to sit

2) to cause to abide, to set

3) to cause to dwell

4) to cause (cities) to be inhabited

5) to marry (that is, to give an dwelling to)

e) (Hophal)

1) to be inhabited

2) to make to dwell

 

suburbs-   4054  migrash (mig-rawsh'); also (in plural) feminine (Ezek. 27:28) migrashah (mig-raw-shaw'); from 1644; a suburb (i.e. open country whither flocks are driven from pasture); hence, the area around a building, or the margin of the sea:   Strong’s Definition

KJV-- cast out, suburb.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs

4054  migrash also (in the plural) feminine (Ezek. 27:28) migrashah-

common, common land, open land, a suburb

 

1644  garash (gaw-rash'); a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce: KJV-- cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, X surely put away, trouble, thrust out. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

1644  garash-

to drive out, to expel, to cast out, to drive away, to divorce, to put away, to thrust away, trouble, to cast up

a) (Qal) to thrust out, to cast out

b) (Niphal) to be driven away, to be tossed

c) (Piel) to drive out, to drive away

d) (Pual) to be thrust out

 

For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challenge to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour. Exod 22:9

 

Manner of-  1697  dabar (daw-baw'); from 1696; a word; by implication, a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially, a cause: KJV-- act, advice, affair, answer, X any such (thing), because of, book, business, care, case, cause, certain rate, + chronicles, commandment, X commune (-ication), + concern [-ing], + confer, counsel, + dearth, decree, deed, X disease, due, duty, effect, + eloquent, errand, [evil favouredness-], + glory, + harm, hurt, + iniquity, + judgment, language, + lying, manner, matter, message, [no] thing, oracle, X ought, X parts, + pertaining, + please, portion, + power, promise, provision, purpose, question, rate, reason, report, request, X (as hast) said, sake, saying, sentence, + sign, + so, some [uncleanness], somewhat to say, + song, speech, X spoken, talk, task, + that, X there done, thing (concerning), thought, + thus, tidings, what [-soever], + wherewith, which, word, work. Strong’s Definition

 

Challenge- 559  'amar (aw-mar'); a primitive root; to say (used with great latitude): KJV-- answer, appoint, avouch, bid, boastself, call, certify, challenge, charge, + (at the, give) command (-ment), commune, consider, declare, demand, X desire, determine, X expressly, X indeed, X intend, name, X plainly, promise, publish, report, require, say, speak (against, of), X still, X suppose, talk, tell, term, X that is, X think, use [speech], utter, X verily, X yet.  Strong’s

 

Shall come- 935  bow' (bo); a primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications): KJV-- abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, [in-] vade, lead, lift [up], mention,        pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken [in age], X surely, take (in), way. Strong’s Definition

***. buwb. See 892, 5014.

 

Judges- 430  'elohiym (el-o-heem'); plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:

KJV-- angels, X exceeding, God (gods)- dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.

Macmillan Dictionary,pp.1115—

Vision—conception; view [Latin visio sight]

 

Macmillan Dictionary,pp.1025—Tele-combining form  1. At a distance; far: telepathy 2. Of or relating to television: telethon.[Greek tele far off, afar]

 

Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, pp.1956—1. Tel, Tele-[Gr., teleos,end] Combining form meaning the end. 2.[Gr. tele, distant]  Combining form meaning at a distance or far off.

 
 

Barron’s Law Dictionary pg.382Power Of Attorney-“an instrument in writing by which one person, as principal, appoints another as his agent and confers upon him the authority to perform certain specified acts or kinds of acts on behalf of the principal.  The primary purpose of a power of attorney is not to define the authority of the agent as betweem himself and his principal, but to evidence the authority of the agent to third parties with whom the agent deals”

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Section 4—204 Census Required for Court Representative

           

Num 1:1-4                                           

And Yahweh spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, Take you the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the House of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls;

           

Strong’s Definition

Sum of- 7218  ro'sh (roshe); from an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literal or figurative (in many applications, of place, time, rank, itc.): KJV-- band, beginning, captain, chapiter, chief (-est place, man, things), company, end, X every [man], excellent, first, forefront, ([be-]) head, height, (on) high (-est part, [priest]), X lead, X poor, principal, ruler, sum, top.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

7218  ro'sh-

the head, the top, the summit, the upper part, the chief, the total, the sum, the height, the front, the beginning

a) the head (used of a man, animals)

b) the top, the tip (used of a mountain)

c) the height (used of stars)

d) the chief, the head (used of a man, a city, a nation, a place, a family, a priest)

e) the head, the front, the beginning

f) the chief, the choicest, the best

g) a head, a division, a company, a band

h) a sum

 

congregation- 5712  `edah (ay-daw'); feminine of 5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically, a concourse, or generally, a family or crowd): KJV-- assembly, company, congregation, multitude, people, swarm. Compare 5713.   Strong’s

 

Families- 4940  mishpachah (mish-paw-khaw'); from 8192 [compare 8198]; a family, i.e. circle of relatives; figuratively, a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extens. a tribe or people: KJV-- family, kind (-red). Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

4940  mishpachah-

clan, family

a) clan 

1) family

2) tribe 

3) people, nation

b) guild

c) species, kind 

d) aristocrats

               

Strong’s Definition

8198  shiphchah (shif-khaw'); feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see 4940); a female slave (as a member of the household): KJV-- (bond-, hand-) maid (-en, -servant), wench, bondwoman, womanservant.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

8198  shiphchah-

a maid, a maid-servant, a slave-girl

a) a maid, a maid-servant (as belonging to a mistress)

b) used of address, speaker, humility (figurative)

 

house of-  1004  bayith (bah'-yith); probably from 1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.):

KJV-- court, daughter, door, + dungeon, family, + forth of, X great as would contain, hangings, home [born], [winter] house (-hold), inside (-ward), palace, place, + prison, + steward, + tablet, temple, web, + within (-out).  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1004  bayith-

1) a house

a) a house, a dwelling habitation

b) a shelter or an abode of animals

c) human bodies (figurative)

d) used of Sheol

e) used of the abode of light and darkness

f) used of the land of Ephraim 

2) a place

3) a receptacle

4) a home, a house as containing a family

5) a household, a family

a) those belonging to the same household 

b) a family of descendants, descendants as organized body 

6) household affairs

7) inwards (metaphorical)

8) Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament: temple 

as an adverb:

9) on the inside

as a preposition:

10) within

               

Strong’s Definition

fathers-  1  'ab (awb); a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application): KJV-- chief, (fore-) father ([-less]), X patrimony, principal. Compare names in "Abi-".

 

Number of- 4557  micpar (mis-pawr'); from 5608; a number, definite (arithmetical) or indefinite (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration: KJV-- + abundance, account, X all, X few, [in-] finite, (certain) number (-ed), tale, telling, + time.  Strong’s Definition

 

5608  caphar (saw-far'); a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate: KJV-- commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, + penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

5608  caphar-

as a verb:

1) to count, to recount, to relate

a) (Qal)

1) to count (things)

2) to number, to take account of, to reckon 

b) (Niphal) to be counted, to be numbered 

c) (Piel) to recount, to rehearse, to declare 

1) to recount (something), to rehearse

2) to talk

3) to count exactly or accurately

d) (Pual) to be recounted, to be rehearsed, to be related

as a masculine noun:

2) an enumerator, a muster-officer, a secretary, a scribe 

a) an enumerator, a muster-officer, a secretary 

b) a learned man, a scribe

 

names- 8034  shem (shame); a primitive word [perhaps rather from 7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare 8064]; an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character: KJV-- + base, [in-] fame [-ous], named (-d), renown, report.  Strong’s Definition

 

Every- 3605  kol (kole); or (Jer. 33:8) kowl (kole); from 3634; properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense): KJV-- (in) all (manner, [ye]), altogether, any (manner), enough, every (one, place, thing), howsoever, as many as, [no-] thing, ought, whatsoever, (the) whole, whoso (-ever).   Strong’s

Male- 2145  zakar (zaw-kawr'); from 2142; properly, remembered, i.e. a male (of man or animals, as being the most noteworthy sex): KJV-- X him, male, man (child, -kind). Strong’s Definition

 

2142  zakar (zaw-kar'); a primitive root; properly, to mark (so as to be recognized), i.e. to remember; by implication, to mention; also (as denominative from 2145) to be male: KJV-- X burn [incense], X earnestly, be male, (make) mention (of), be mindful, recount, record (-er), remember, make to be remembered, bring (call, come, keep, put) to (in) remembrance, X still, think on, X well. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

2142  zakar-

to remember, to recall, to call to mind 

a) (Qal) to remember, to recall 

b) (Niphal) to be brought to remembrance, to be remembered, to be thought of, to be brought to mind

c) (Hiphil)

1) to cause to remember, to remind

2) to cause to be remembered, to keep in remembrance 

3) to mention

4) to record 

5) to make a memorial, to make remembrance

 

Polls- 1538  gulgoleth (gul-go'-leth); by reduplication from 1556; a skull (as round); by implication, a head (in enumeration of persons): KJV-- head, every man, poll, skull. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs

1538  gulgoleth-

a head, a poll, a skull 

a) a skull 

b) a head, a poll (used of a census)

 

1556  galal (gaw-lal'); a primitive root; to roll (literally or figuratively): KJV-- commit, remove, roll (away, down, together), run down, seek occasion, trust, wallow. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

1556  galal-

to roll, to roll away, to roll down, to roll together 

a) (Qal) to roll 

b) (Niphal)

1) to roll up

2) to flow down

c) (Pilpel) to roll 

d) (Poal) to be rolled

e) (Hithpoel) to roll oneself

f) (Hithpalpel) to roll oneself

g) (Hiphil) to roll away

 

From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: you and Aaron shall number them by their armies. And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the House of his fathers.

 

 

 

Section 5—205 Court Boundaries: Open Land/Suburban

 

Num 35:2-8

Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and you shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them. And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts.

 

Cattle- 929  behemah (be-hay-maw'); from an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly, a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collective): KJV-- beast, cattle.    Strong’s

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

929  behemah-

a beast, cattle, an animal

a) beasts (collectively used of all animals)

b) cattle, livestock (used of domestic animals)

c) wild beasts

 

goods- 7399  rekuwsh (rek-oosh'); or rekush (rek-oosh'); from passive participle of 7408; property (as gathered): KJV-- good, riches, substance.  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

7399  rekuwsh or rekush-

property, goods, possessions

1) the general term for all movable goods 

2) used of livestock 

3) used of stores, utensils, etc.

 

7408  rakash (raw-kash'); a primitive root; to lay up, i.e. collect: KJV-- gather, get.  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

7408  rakash-

(Qal)

to collect or to gather property

 

And the suburbs of the cities, which you shall give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits round about.

 

Cities- 5892  `iyr (eer); or (in the plural) `ar (awr); or `ayar (Judges 10:4) (aw-yar'); from 5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post): KJV-- Ai [from margin], city, court [from margin], town   .Strong’s Definition         

 

Strong’s Definition

Suburbs- 4054  migrash (mig-rawsh'); also (in plural) feminine (Ezek. 27:28) migrashah (mig-raw-shaw'); from 1644; a suburb (i.e. open country whither flocks are driven from pasture); hence, the area around a building, or the margin of the sea: KJV-- cast out, suburb.

 

Strong’s Definition

Outward- 2351  chuwts (khoots); or (shortened) chuts (khoots); (both forms feminine in the plural) from an unused root meaning to sever; properly, separate by a wall, i.e. outside, outdoors:  KJV-- abroad, field, forth, highway, more, out (-side, -ward), street, without.  

***. chowq. See 2436.

***. Chuwqoq. See 2712.

 

And you shall measure from without the city on the east side two thousand cubits, and on the south side two thousand cubits, and on the west side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits; and the city shall be in the midst: this shall be to them the suburbs of the cities.

 

Measure- 4058  madad (maw-dad'); a primitive root: properly, to stretch; by implication, to measure (as if by stretching a line); figuratively, to be extended:

KJV-- measure, mete, stretchself.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4058  madad-

to measure, to stretch

a) (Qal) to measure 

b) (Niphal) to be measured

c) (Piel)

1) to extend, to continue 

2) to measure, to measure off

d) (Po) measured

e) (Hithpolel) to extend oneself, to stretch oneself

 

without- 2351  chuwts (khoots); or (shortened) chuts (khoots); (both forms feminine in the plural) from an unused root meaning to sever; properly, separate by a wall, i.e. outside, outdoors: KJV-- abroad, field, forth, highway, more, out (-side, -ward), street, without.

***. chowq. See 2436. Strong’s Definition

***. Chuwqoq. See 2712.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

2351  chuwts or (shortened) chuts-

outside, outward, street, the outside

 

cubit-   520  'ammah (am-maw'); prolonged from 517; properly, a mother (i.e. unit of measure, or the fore-arm (below the elbow), i.e. a cubit; also a door-base (as a bond of the entrance): KJV-- cubit, + hundred [by exchange for 3967], measure, post.  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

520  'ammah-

cubit -a measure of distance (the forearm), roughly 18 inches (.5 meters). There are several cubits used in the Old Testament, the cubit of a man or common cubit (Deut 3.

11), the legal cubit or cubit of the sanctuary (Ezek. 40:5) plus others. See any large Bible Dictionary for a complete

treatment.

 

517  'em (ame); a primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively [like 1]: KJV-- dam, mother, X parting. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

517  'em-

1) mother 

a) used of humans

b) used of Deborah's relationship to the people (figurative)

c) used of animals

2) point of departure or division

 

And among the cities which you shall give unto the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which you shall appoint for the manslayer, that he may flee there: and to them you shall add forty and two cities. So all the cities which you shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight cities: them shall you give with their suburbs. And the cities which you shall give shall be of the possession of the children of Israel: from them that have many you shall give many; but from them that have few you shall give few: every one shall give of his cities unto the Levites according to his inheritance which he inheriteth.

 

1 Chr 26:29-32

Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.

 

Strong’s Definition

Outward- 2435  chiytsown (khee-tsone'); from 2434; properly, the (outer) wall side; hence, exterior; figuratively, secular (as opposed to sacred): KJV-- outer, outward, utter, without.

 

2434  chayits (khah'-yits); another form for 2351; a wall: KJV-- wall.

 

2351  chuwts (khoots); or (shortened) chuts (khoots); (both forms feminine in the plural) from an unused root meaning to sever; properly, separate by a wall, i.e. outside, outdoors:

KJV-- abroad, field, forth, highway, more, out (-side, -ward), street, without.     Strong’s Definition

***. chowq. See 2436.

***. Chuwqoq. See 2712.

 

Strong’s Definition

Business- 4399  mela'kah (mel-aw-kaw'); from the same as 4397; properly, deputyship, i.e. ministry; generally, employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor): KJV-- business, + cattle, + industrious, occupation, (+-pied), + officer, thing (made), use, (manner of) work ([-man], -manship).

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4399  mela'kah-

occupation, work, business 

a) occupation, business 

b) property 

c) work (something done or made)

d) workmanship

e) service, use 

f) public business 

1) political

2) religious

 

Strong’s Definition

4397  mal'ak (mal-awk'); from an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically, of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher): KJV-- ambassador, angel, king, messenger.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4397  mal'ak-

a messenger, a representative

a) a messenger 

b) an angel

c) the theophanic angel

 

And of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a thousand and seven hundred, were officers among them of Israel on this side Jordan westward in all the business of Yahweh, and in the service of the king. Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at Jazer of Gilead. And his brethren, men of valour, were two thousand and seven hundred chief fathers, whom king David made rulers over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to Yahweh, and affairs of the king.

 

 

 

Section--205-A).  State

 

Num 26:52-53

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names.

 

Strong’s Definition

Land- 776  'erets (eh'-rets); from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land): KJV-- X common, country, earth, field, ground, land, X natins, way, + wilderness, world.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

776  'erets-

land, earth

a) earth

1) whole earth (as opposed to a part)

2) earth (as opposed to heaven)

3) earth (inhabitants)

b) land

1) country, territory 

2) a district, a region 

3) a tribal territory 

4) a piece of ground

5) the land of Canaan, Israel

6) the inhabitants of land 

7) Sheol, a land without return, (under) world

8) city (-state)

c) the ground, the surface of the earth

1) the ground

2) the soil 

d) (in phrases)

1) people of the land

2) the space or distance of country (in measurements of distance)

3) level country (a plain)

4) the land of the living

5) end(s) of the earth

e) (almost wholly late in usage); lands, countries; often in contrast to Canaan

 

Section--205-B).  County

 

Num 26:52-53

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names.

 

Strong’s Definition

Land- 776  'erets (eh'-rets); from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land): KJV-- X common, country, earth, field, ground, land, X natins, way, + wilderness, world.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

776  'erets-

land, earth

a) earth

1) whole earth (as opposed to a part)

2) earth (as opposed to heaven)

3) earth (inhabitants)

b) land

1) country, territory 

2) a district, a region 

3) a tribal territory 

4) a piece of ground

5) the land of Canaan, Israel

6) the inhabitants of land 

7) Sheol, a land without return, (under) world

8) city (-state)

c) the ground, the surface of the earth

1) the ground

2) the soil 

d) (in phrases)

1) people of the land

2) the space or distance of country (in measurements of distance)

3) level country (a plain)

4) the land of the living

5) end(s) of the earth

e) (almost wholly late in usage); lands, countries; often in contrast to Canaan

 

Strong’s Definition

number- 4557  micpar (mis-pawr'); from 5608; a number, definite (arithmetical) or indefinite (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration: KJV-- + abundance, account, X all, X few, [in-] finite, (certain) number (-ed), tale, telling, + time.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs

4557  micpar-

a number, a tale

a) number 

1) number 

2) innumerable (with negative)

3) few, numerable (alone)

4) by count, in number, according to number (with preposition)

b) recounting, relation

 

5608  caphar (saw-far'); a primitive root; properly, to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate: KJV-- commune, (ac-) count; declare, number, + penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.   Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs

5608  caphar-

as a verb:

1) to count, to recount, to relate

a) (Qal)

1) to count (things)

2) to number, to take account of, to reckon 

b) (Niphal) to be counted, to be numbered 

c) (Piel) to recount, to rehearse, to declare 

1) to recount (something), to rehearse

2) to talk

3) to count exactly or accurately

d) (Pual) to be recounted, to be rehearsed, to be related

as a masculine noun:

2) an enumerator, a muster-officer, a secretary, a scribe 

a) an enumerator, a muster-officer, a secretary 

b) a learned man, a scribe

 

 

 

Section--205-B1).  The County Commissioner

           

Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years. Gen 41:34

 

Appoint- 6485  paqad (paw-kad'); a primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.: KJV-- appoint, X at all, avenge, bestow, (appoint to have the, give a) charge, commit, count, deliver to keep, be empty, enjoin, go see, hurt, do judgment, lack, lay up, look, make, X by any means, miss, number, officer, (make) overseer, have (the) oversight, punish, reckon, (call to) remember (-brance), set (over), sum, X surely, visit, want. Strong’s Definition

***. piqqud. See 6490.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6485  paqad-

as a verb:

1) to attend to, to muster, to number, to reckon, to visit, to punish, to appoint, to look after, to care for

a) (Qal)

1) to pay attention to, to observe 

2) to attend to 

3) to seek, to look about for

4) to seek in vain, to need, to miss, to lack 

5) to visit 

6) to visit upon, to punish

7) to pass in review, to muster, to number 

8) to appoint, to assign, to lay upon as a charge, to deposit 

b) (Niphal)

1) to be sought, to be needed, to be missed, to be lacking 

2) to be visited

3) to be visited upon

4) to be appointed

5) to be watched over

c) (Piel) to muster, to call up

d) (Pual) to be passed in review, to be caused to miss, to be called, be called to account 

e) (Hiphil)

1) to set over, to make overseer, to appoint an overseer

2) to commit, to entrust, to commit for care, to deposit 

f) (Hophal)

1) to be visited

2) to be deposited

3) to be made overseer, to be entrusted 

g) (Hithpael) numbered 

h) (Hothpael) numbered 

as a masculine, plural noun (abstract)

2) musterings, expenses

 

officers- 6496  paqiyd (paw-keed'); from 6485; a superintendent (civil, military or religious): KJV-- which had the charge, governor, office, overseer, [that] was set.   Strong’s

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6496  paqiyd-

a commissioner, a deputy, an overseer, an officer

 

 

Land- 776  'erets (eh'-rets); from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land): KJV-- X common, country, earth, field, ground, land, X natins, way, + wilderness, world. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

776  'erets-

land, earth

a) earth

1) whole earth (as opposed to a part)

2) earth (as opposed to heaven)                         

   3) earth (inhabitants)

b) land                                                   

1) country, territory 

2) a district, a region 

3) a tribal territory 

4) a piece of ground

5) the land of Canaan, Israel

6) the inhabitants of land 

7) Sheol, a land without return, (under) world

8) city (-state)

c) the ground, the surface of the earth

1) the ground

2) the soil 

d) (in phrases)

1) people of the land

2) the space or distance of country (in measurements of distance)

3) level country (a plain)

4) the land of the living

5) end(s) of the earth

e) (almost wholly late in usage); lands, countries; often in contrast to Canaan

 

take up a fifth part- 2567  chamash (khaw-mash'); a denominative from 2568; to tax a fifth: KJV-- take up the fifth participle     Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

2567  chamash-

to arrange in multiples of five, to take one-fifth; (Piel) to take one-fifth, to tax a fifth of

Section--205-C).  The Ward

                       

And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar. 1 Chr 25:8     

 

Wards-4931  mishmereth (mish-meh'-reth); feminine of 4929; watch, i.e. the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; (objectively) preservation, or (concretely) safe; (figurative) observance, i.e. (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party: KJV-- charge, keep, to be kept, office, ordinance, safeguard, ward, watch.  Strong’s

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4931  mishmereth-

a guard, a charge, a function, an obligation, a service, a watch 

a) a guard, a watch, a house of detention or confinement

b) keeping, preserving

c) charge, injunction

d) an office, a function (ceremonial)

 

4929  mishmar (mish-mawr'); from 8104; a guard (the man, the post, or the prison); (figuratively) a deposit; also (as observed) a usage (abstract), or an example (concrete): KJV-- diligence, guard, office, prison, ward, watch. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4929  mishmar-

place of confinement, prison, guard, jail, guard post, watch, observance

a) jail, prison, guard-house 

b) guard, guard post, act of guarding

c) observances

 

8104  shamar (shaw-mar'); a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.: KJV-- beward, be circumspect, take heed (toself), keep (-erself,), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch (-man). Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

8104  shamar-

to keep, to guard, to observe, to give heed

a) (Qal)

1) to keep, to have charge of

2) to keep, to guard, to keep watch and ward, to protect, to save life; watch, a watchman (participle)

3) to watch for, to wait for

4) to watch, to observe 

5) to keep, to retain, to treasure up (in memory)

6) to keep (within bounds), to restrain 

7) to observe, to celebrate, to keep (sabbath or covenant or commands), to perform (a vow)

8) to keep, to preserve, to protect 

9) to keep, to reserve

b) (Niphal)

1) to be on one's guard, to take heed, to take care, to beware

2) to keep oneself, to refrain, to abstain

3) to be kept, to be guarded 

c) (Piel) to keep, to pay heed

d) (Hithpael) to keep oneself from

 

1 Chr 26:16-18

To Shuppim and Hosah the lot came forth westward, with the gate Shallecheth, by the causeway of the going up, ward against ward. Eastward were six Levites, northward four a day, southward four a day, and toward Asuppim two and two. At Parbar westward, four at the causeway, and two at Parbar.

 

Neh 12:24-25

And the chief of the Levites: Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brethren over against them, to praise and to give thanks, according to the commandment of David the man of Yahweh, ward over against ward. Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, Akkub, were porters keeping the ward at the thresholds of the gates.

           

And both the singers and the porters kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandment of David, and of Solomon his son. Neh 12:45

 

Lev 24:11-12

And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the name of Yahweh, and cursed. And they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan:) And they put him in ward, that the mind of Yahweh might be shewed them.

 

Num 15:32-36

And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him.

 

Put- 3240  yanach (yaw-nakh'); a primitive root; to deposit; by implication, to allow to stay: KJV-- bestow, cast down, lay (down, up), leave (off), let alone (remain), pacify, place, put, set (down), suffer, withdraw, withhold. (The Hiphil forms with the dagesh are here referred to, in accordance with the older grammarians; but if any distinction of the kind is to be made, these should rather be referred to 5117, and the others here.) Strong’s Definition

 

Ward- 4929  mishmar (mish-mawr'); from 8104; a guard (the man, the post, or the prison); (figuratively) a deposit; also (as observed) a usage (abstract), or an example (concrete): KJV-- diligence, guard, office, prison, ward, watch. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4929  mishmar-

place of confinement, prison, guard, jail, guard post, watch, observance

a) jail, prison, guard-house 

b) guard, guard post, act of guarding

c) observances

 

And Yahweh said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 

Gen 40:2-4

And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

 

Officers- 5631  cariyc (saw-reece'); or caric (saw-reece'); from an unused root meaning to castrate; a eunuch; by implication, valet (especially of the female apartments), and thus, a minister of state: KJV-- chamberlain, eunuch, officer. Compare 7249.   Strong’s

 

And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound.

 

Guard- 2876  tabbach (tab-bawkh'); from 2873; properly, a butcher; hence, a lifeguardsman (because he was acting as an executioner); also a cook (usually slaughtering the animal for food): KJV-- cook, guard.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

2876  tabbach-

an executioner, a cook, a bodyguard, a guardsman 

a) a cook (who also killed the animal for food)

b) a guardsman, a bodyguard

And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.

 

Gen 42:14-17

And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, You are spies: Hereby you shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh you shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither. Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and you shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies. And he put them all together into ward three days.

 

And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the House of Saul. 1 Chr 12:29

 

And they put him in ward in chains, and brought him to the king of Babylon: they brought him into holds, that his voice should no more be heard upon the mountains of Israel. Ezek 19:9

Section 6—206 Local Districts: Businesses Outside the City

 

Num 26:52-63

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names.

 

Strong’s Definition

Land- 776  'erets (eh'-rets); from an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land): KJV-- X common, country, earth, field, ground, land, X natins, way, + wilderness, world.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

776  'erets-

land, earth

a) earth

1) whole earth (as opposed to a part)

2) earth (as opposed to heaven)

3) earth (inhabitants)

b) land

1) country, territory 

2) a district, a region 

3) a tribal territory 

4) a piece of ground

5) the land of Canaan, Israel

6) the inhabitants of land 

7) Sheol, a land without return, (under) world

8) city (-state)

c) the ground, the surface of the earth

1) the ground

2) the soil 

d) (in phrases)

1) people of the land

2) the space or distance of country (in measurements of distance)

3) level country (a plain)

4) the land of the living

5) end(s) of the earth

e) (almost wholly late in usage); lands, countries; often in contrast to Canaan

 

To many you shall give the more inheritance, and to few you shall give the less inheritance: to every one shall his inheritance be given according to those that were numbered of him. Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit. According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided between many and few. And these are they that were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites: of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites: of Merari, the family of the Merarites.  These are the families of the Levites: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korathites. And Kohath begat Amram.

And the name of Amram's wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister. And unto Aaron was born Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh And those that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, all males from a month old and upward: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of Israel. These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.

 

Deut 21:18-21

If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place;

 

Place- 4725  maqowm (maw-kome'); or maqom (maw-kome'); also (feminine) meqowmah (mek-o-mah'); or meqomah (mek-o-mah'); from 6965; properly, a standing, i.e. a spot; but used widely of a locality (general or specific); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind): KJV-- country, X home, X open, place, room, space, X whither [-soever].       Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

4725  maqowm or maqom also (feminine) meqowmah or meqomah-

a standing place, a place

a) a standing place, a station, a post, an office 

b) a place, a place of human abode

c) a city, land, a region 

d) a place, , a spot

e) a space, a room, a distance

f) a region, a quarter, a direction

g) give place to, instead of

 

And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard. And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shall you put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

 

 

 

Section 7—207 Life & Property Insurance

 

Positive Law 171 ---  Every male 20 years old and above must give half a shekel to The House of Yahweh annually.

Exodus 30 :12-16

When you takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto Yahweh, when you number them; that there be no plague among them, when you number them. This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of Yahweh. Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto Yahweh. The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls. And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shall appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls.

 

Exod 30:11-16

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, When you takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto Yahweh, when you number them; that there be no plague among them, when you number them.

 

Strong’s Definition

Numbered- 6485  paqad (paw-kad'); a primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.: KJV-- appoint, X at all, avenge, bestow, (appoint to have the, give a) charge, commit, count, deliver to keep, be empty, enjoin, go see, hurt, do judgment, lack, lay up, look, make, X by any means, miss, number, officer, (make) overseer, have (the) oversight, punish, reckon, (call to) remember (-brance), set (over), sum, X surely, visit, want.

***. piqqud. See 6490.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6485  paqad-

as a verb:

1) to attend to, to muster, to number, to reckon, to visit, to punish, to appoint, to look after, to care for

a) (Qal)

1) to pay attention to, to observe 

2) to attend to 

3) to seek, to look about for

4) to seek in vain, to need, to miss, to lack 

5) to visit 

6) to visit upon, to punish

7) to pass in review, to muster, to number 

8) to appoint, to assign, to lay upon as a charge, to deposit 

b) (Niphal)

1) to be sought, to be needed, to be missed, to be lacking 

2) to be visited

3) to be visited upon

4) to be appointed

5) to be watched over

c) (Piel) to muster, to call up

d) (Pual) to be passed in review, to be caused to miss, to be called, be called to account 

e) (Hiphil)

1) to set over, to make overseer, to appoint an overseer

2) to commit, to entrust, to commit for care, to deposit 

f) (Hophal)

1) to be visited

2) to be deposited

3) to be made overseer, to be entrusted 

g) (Hithpael) numbered 

h) (Hothpael) numbered 

as a masculine, plural noun (abstract)

2) musterings, expenses

 

Ransom- 3724  kopher (ko'-fer); from 3722; properly, a cover, i.e. (literally) a village (as covered in); (specifically) bitumen (as used for coating), and the henna plant (as used for dyeing); figuratively, a redemption-price: KJV-- bribe, camphire, pitch, ransom, satisfaction, sum of money, village. Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

3724  kopher-

1) the price of a life, a ransom, a bribe 

2) asphalt, pitch (as a covering)

3) the henna plant, the name of a plant (henna?)

4) a village

 

3722  kaphar (kaw-far'); a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: KJV-- appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation). Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

3722  kaphar-

to cover, to purge, to make an atonement, to make reconciliation, to cover over with pitch

a) (Qal) to coat (to cover) with pitch

b) (Piel)

1) to cover over, to pacify, to propitiate 

2) to cover over, to atone for sin, to make atonement for

3) to cover over, to atone for sin and persons by legal rites

c) (Pual)

1) to be covered over

2) to make atonement for

d) (Hithpael) to be covered

 

plague- 5063  negeph (neh'-ghef); from 5062; a trip (of the foot); figuratively, an infliction (of disease): KJV-- plague, stumbling.

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

5063  negeph-

a blow, a striking, a plague 

a) a blow, a plague (fatal)

b) a striking

 

5062  nagaph (naw-gaf'); a primitive root; to push, gore, defeat, stub (the toe), inflict (a disease): KJV-- beat, dash, hurt, plague, slay, smite (down), strike, stumble, X surely, put to the worse.     Strong’s

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs'

5062  nagaph-

to strike, to smite 

a) (Qal) to strike, to smite 

b) (Niphal) to be stricken, to be smitten

c) (Hithpael) to stumble

 

This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of Yahweh.

 

Strong’s Definition

Numbered- 6485  paqad (paw-kad'); a primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.:KJV-- appoint, X at all, avenge, bestow, (appoint to have the, give a) charge, commit, count, deliver to keep, be empty, enjoin, go see, hurt, do judgment, lack, lay up, look, make, X by any means, miss, number, officer, (make) overseer, have (the) oversight, punish, reckon, (call to) remember (-brance), set (over), sum, X surely, visit, want.

***. piqqud. See 6490.

 

Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto Yahweh. The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls. And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shall appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before Yahweh, to make an atonement for your souls.

           

Num 18:15-19

Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto Yahweh, whether it be of men or beasts, shall be your: nevertheless the firstborn of man shall you surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shall you redeem. And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shall you redeem, according to your estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs. But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, you shall not redeem; they are holy: you shall sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shall burn their fat for an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto Yahweh.  And the flesh of them shall be your, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are your. All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto Yahweh, have I given you, and your sons and your daughters with you, by a statute for ever: it is a covenant of salt for ever before Yahweh unto you and to your seed with you.

 

Lev 6:1-7

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against Yahweh, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or have deceived his neighbour; Or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it, and sweareth falsely;   In any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein: Then it shall be, because he have sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he have deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,

 

Then it shall be- 1961  hayah (haw-yaw); a primitive root [compare 1933]; to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary): KJV-- beacon, X altogether, be (-come), accomplished, committed, like), break, cause, come (to pass), do, faint, fall, + follow, happen, X have, last, pertain, quit (oneself-), require, X use. Strong’s Definition

 

Barron’s Law Dictionary, by Steven H. Gifis, pg. 68-69

1.) Causa—Lat  lawsuit, case, grounds, cause, motive, purpose, reason; good reason; pretext, pretense, inducement, occasion.

 

2.) Cause—that which effects a result

 

3.)  Cause Of Action—a claim in law and fact efficient to demand judicial attention; the composite of facts necessary to give rise to the enforcement of a right.  A RIGHT OF ACTION in the legal right to sue; a cause of action is the facts which give rise to a right of action.  If the complaint fails to state a proper cause of action, it will be dismissed.

 

Or all that about which he have sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertaineth, in the day of his trespass offering. And he shall bring his trespass offering unto Yahweh, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with your estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: And the priest shall make an atonement for him before Yahweh: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he have done in trespassing therein.

 

Section 8—208 Life & Property Valuation

 

Positive Law 114—The Priest must set the value of a person dedicate to Yahweh.

Leviticus 27:2,8,25-          

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for Yahweh by your estimation.

But if he be poorer than your estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him.

And all your estimations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs shall be the shekel.

 

Positive Law 115---The Priest must set the value of an animal dedicated to Yahweh.

Leviticus 27:11, 13, 27

And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto Yahweh, then he shall present the beast before the priest:

But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth part thereof unto your estimation.

And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to your estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your estimation.

 

Positive Law 116---The Priest must set the value of the house dedicated to Yahweh.

Leviticus 27:14-15

And when a man shall sanctify his house to be holy unto Yahweh, then the priest shall estimate it, whether it be good or bad: as the priest shall estimate it, so shall it stand.

And if he that sanctified it will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of your estimation unto it, and it shall be his.

 

Positive Law 117---The Priest must set the value of a field dedicated to Yahweh,

Leviticus 27:16,22,23

And if a man shall sanctify unto Yahweh some part of a field of his possession, then your estimation shall be according to the seed thereof: an homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.

And if a man sanctify unto Yahweh a field which he have bought, which is not of the fields of his possession; Then the priest shall reckon unto him the worth of your estimation, even unto the year of the jubilee: and he shall give your estimation in that day, as a holy thing unto Yahweh

 

Prohibition  106---Do not make substitutes for any vowed offerings,

Leviticus  27:10

  1. He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good: and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then it and the exchange thereof shall be holy.

 

Prohibition 107---Do not dedicate the firstborn of an animal since it already belongs to Yahweh and must be given to the Priest.

Leviticus 27:27

And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to your estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your estimation.

               

Lev 27:1-34

And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for Yahweh by your estimation.

 

Estimation- 6187  `erek (eh'rek); from 6186; a pile, equipment, estimate: KJV-- equal, estimation, (things that are set in) order, price, proportion, X set at, suit, taxation, X valuest.    Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6187  `erek-

an order, a row, an estimate, things that are set in order, a layer, a pile

a) an order, a row

b) an estimate, a valuation

 

6186  `arak (aw-rak'); a primitive root; to set in a row, i.e. arrange, put in order (in a very wide variety of applications):

KJV-- put (set) (the battleself,) in array, compare, direct, equal, esteem, estimate, expert [in war], furnish, handle, join [battle], ordain, (lay, put, reckon up, set) (in) order, prepare, tax, value.  Strong’s Definition

 

Brown-Driver-Briggs’

6186  `arak-

1) to arrange, to set or to put or to lay in order, to set in array, to prepare, to order, to ordain, to handle, to furnish, to esteem, to equal, to direct, to compare (Qal)

1) to arrange or to set or to lay in order, to arrange, to state in order, to set forth (a legal case), to set in place

2) to compare, to be comparable

2) (Hiphil) to value, to tax

 
 

Macmillan Dictionary pp. 231, County-the people of a county.

[Old French conte territory ruled by a COUNT, from Late Latin comiitatus from comes.

 
 

Macmillan Dictionary pp. 201, Commissioner- 1.  Member of a commission.  2.  Official appointed as the head of a government department:  3.  Member of a group of individuals elected or appointed to the governing body of a city or county.

Macmillan Dictionary pp. 231, County-the people of a county.

[Old French conte territory ruled by a COUNT, from Late Latin comiitatus from comes.

Barron’s Law Dictionary, by Steven H. Gifis, pg. 123- Custudy-as applied to property, not ownnership, but “ a keeping, guarding, care, watch, inspection, preservation, or security of a thing, [which] carries with it the idea of the thing being within the immediate personal care and control of the person to whose “custody” it is subjected.  As applied to persons, it is such restraint and physical control over persons as to insure their presence at the hearing,  or the actual imprisonment resulting from a criminal conviction

 
 
 
 

And your estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even your estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary.     And if it be a female, then your estimation shall be thirty shekels. And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then your estimation shall be of the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels. And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then your estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver, and for the female your estimation shall be three shekels of silver. And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then your estimation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels. But if he be poorer than your estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him.

 

Strong’s Definition

Esimation- 6187  `erek (eh'rek); from 6186; a pile, equipment, estimate:  KJV-- equal, estimation, (things that are set in) order, price, proportion, X set at, suit, taxation, X valuest.

 

Present- 5975  `amad (aw-mad'); a primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literal and figurative, intransitive and transitive):  KJV-- abide (behind), appoint, arise, cease, confirm, continue, dwell, be employed, endure, establish, leave, make, ordain, be [over], place, (be) present (self), raise up, remain, repair, + serve, set (forth, over, -tle, up), (make to, make to be at a, with-) stand (by, fast, firm, still, up), (be at a) stay (up), tarry. Strong’s Definition

 

And if it be a beast, whereof men bring an offering unto Yahweh, all that any man give of such unto Yahweh shall be holy. He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good: and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then it and the exchange thereof shall be holy. And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto Yahweh, then he shall present the beast before the priest: And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad: as you valuest it, who art the priest, so shall it be. But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth part thereof unto your estimation. And when a man shall sanctify his house to be holy unto Yahweh, then the priest shall estimate it, whether it be good or bad: as the priest shall estimate it, so shall it stand.  And if he that sanctified it will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of your estimation unto it, and it shall be his. And if a man shall sanctify unto Yahweh some part of a field of his possession, then your estimation shall be according to the seed thereof: an homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.

If he sanctify his field from the year of jubilee, according to your estimation it shall stand. But if he sanctify his field after the jubilee, then the priest shall reckon unto him the money according to the years that remain, even unto the year of the jubilee, and it shall be abated from your estimation. And if he that sanctified the field will in any wise redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of your estimation unto it, and it shall be assured to him. And if he will not redeem the field, or if he have sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed any more. But the field, when it goeth out in the jubilee, shall be holy unto Yahweh, as a field devoted; the possession thereof shall be the priest's. And if a man sanctify unto Yahweh a field which he have bought, which is not of the fields of his possession; Then the priest shall reckon unto him the worth of your estimation, even unto the year of the jubilee: and he shall give your estimation in that day, as a holy thing unto Yahweh.

In the year of the jubilee the field shall return unto him of whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land did belong. And all your estimations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs shall be the shekel. Only the firstling of the beasts, which should be Yahweh's firstling, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep: it is Yahweh's. And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to your estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your estimation. Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto Yahweh of all that he have, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto Yahweh.

None devoted, which shall be devoted of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death. And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is Yahweh's: it is holy unto Yahweh. And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto Yahweh. He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed. These are the commandments, which Yahweh commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.  

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